Annual Publication Indices

1996 Publications

Öquist, M.G., B.H. Svensson, P. Groffman, M. Taylor, K.B. Bartlett, M. Boko, J. Brouwer, O.F. Canzini, C.B. Craft, J. Laine, D. Larsen, P.J. Martikainen, E. Matthews, W. Mullié, S. Page, C.J. Richardson, J. Rieley, N. Roulet, J. Silviola, and Y. Zhang, 1996: Non-tidal wetlands. In Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses, IPCC Second Assessment Report. R. Watson, M.C. Zinyowera, and R.H. Moss, Eds. Cambridge University Press, 215-239.

Ackerman, A.S., and O.B. Toon, 1996: Unrealistic desiccation of marine stratocumulus clouds by enhanced solar absorption. Nature, 380, 512-515, doi:10.1038/380512a0.

Andres, R.J., G. Marland, I. Fung, and E. Matthews, 1996: A 1° × 1° distribution of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture, 1950-1990. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10, 419-429, doi:10.1029/96GB01523.

Canuto, V., M.S. Dubovikov, Y. Cheng, and A. Dienstfrey, 1996: Dynamical model for turbulence. III. Numerical results. Phys. Fluids, 8, 599-613, doi:10.1063/1.868844.

Canuto, V.M., 1996: Turbulent convection: Old and new models. Astrophys. J., 467, 385-396, doi:10.1086/177613.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1996: A dynamical model for turbulence. I. General formalism. Phys. Fluids, 8, 571-585, doi:10.1063/1.868842.

Canuto, V.M., and M.S. Dubovikov, 1996: A dynamical model for turbulence. II. Shear-driven flows. Phys. Fluids, 8, 587-598, doi:10.1063/1.868843.

Canuto, V.M., I. Goldman, and I. Mazzitelli, 1996: Stellar turbulent convection: A self-consistent model. Astrophys. J., 473, 550-559, doi:10.1086/178166.

Cess, R.D., M.H. Zhang, W.J. Ingram, G.L. Potter, V. Alekseev, H.W. Barker, E. Cohen-Solal, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M.R. Dix, V. Dymnikov, M. Esch, L.D. Fowler, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, J.T. Kiehl, H. Le Treut, K.K.-W. Lo, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J.-F. Royer, M.E. Schelsinger, P.V. Sporyshev, B. Timbal, E.M. Volodin, K.E. Taylor, W. Wang, and R.T. Wetherald, 1996: Cloud feedback in atmospheric general circulation models: An update. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12791-12794, doi:10.1029/96JD00822.

Chandler, M., 1996: Trees retreat and ice advances. Nature, 381, 477-478, doi:10.1038/381477a0.

Curry, J.A., W.B. Rossow, D. Randall, and J.L. Schramm, 1996: Overview of Arctic cloud and radiation characteristics. J. Climate, 9, 1731-1764, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1731:OOACAR>2.0.CO;2.

Dai, A., 1996: Global Precipitation Variability and Its Relationship with Other Climate Changes. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Del Genio, A.D., 1996: GCM implications for mechanisms determining cloud and water vapor feedbacks. In Climate Sensitivity to Radiative Perturbations: Physical Mechanisms and Their Validation, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 34. H. Le Treut, Ed. Springer-Verlag, 107-125.

Del Genio, A.D., 1996: Observational requirements for modeling of global and regional climate change. In Radiation and Water in the Climate System: Remote Measurements, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 45. E. Raschke, Ed. Springer-Verlag, 31-57.

Del Genio, A.D., 1996: TRMM: The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission. In Radiation and Water in the Climate System: Remote Measurements, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 45. E. Raschke, Ed. Springer-Verlag, 549-567.

Del Genio, A.D., M.-S. Yao, W. Kovari, and K.K.-W. Lo, 1996: A prognostic cloud water parameterization for global climate models. J. Climate, 9, 270-304, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0270:APCWPF>2.0.CO;2.

Del Genio, A.D., and W. Zhou, 1996: Simulations of superrotation of slowly rotating planets: Sensitivity to rotation and initial condition. Icarus, 120, 332-343, doi:10.1006/icar.1996.0054.

Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and M. Saloum, 1996: African wave disturbances and precipitation at Niamey. Clim. Res., 7, 71-83.

Druyan, L.M., and T.M. Hall, 1996: The sensitivity of African wave disturbances to remote forcing. J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 1100-1110, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1996)035<1100:TSOAWD>2.0.CO;2.

Dubovikov, M.S., 1996: Multiple scattering of hard γ quanta in a medium. Phys. Rev. E, 53, 1156-1165, doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.53.1156.

Foster, J., G. Liston, R. Koster, R. Essery, H. Behr, L. Dumenil, D. Verseghy, S. Thompson, D. Pollard, and J.L. Cohen, 1996: Snow cover and snow mass intercomparisons of general circulation models and remotely sensed datasets. J. Climate, 9, 409-426, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0409:SCASMI>2.0.CO;2.

Fung, I., 1996: The global carbon cycle and the atmospheric record: "The problem definition". In Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 40. M.J. Apps, and D.T. Price, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 25-34.

Garraffo, Z.D., and V.M. Kamenkovich, 1996: A note on the transport of the Brazil Current. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1629-1632, doi:10.1029/96GL01369.

Green, S., and W.M. Huo, 1996: Quantum calculations for line shapes in Raman spectra of molecular nitrogen. J. Chem. Phys., 104, doi:10.1063/1.471467.

Green, S., H.-M. Keller, R. Schinke, and H.-J. Werner, 1996: Vibration-rotation excitation of CO by hot hydrogen atoms: Comparison of two potential energy surfaces. J. Chem. Phys., 105, 5416-5422, doi:10.1063/1.472382.

Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and R. Reynolds, 1996: Global surface air temperature in 1995: Return to pre-Pinatubo level. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1665-1668, doi:10.1029/96GL01040.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, G. Caliri, M. Campbell, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, M. Fox, C. Johnson, J. Lerner, M.P. McCormick, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, A. Morrison, L. Pandolfo, I. Ramberran, F. Zaucker, M. Robinson, P. Russell, K. Shah, P. Stone, I. Tegen, L. Thomason, J. Wilder, and H. Wilson, 1996: A Pinatubo climate modeling investigation. In The Mount Pinatubo Eruption: Effects on the Atmosphere and Climate, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 42. G. Fiocco, D. Fua, and G. Visconti, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 233-272.

Hovenier, J.W., K. Lumme, M.I. Mishchenko, N.V. Voshchinnikov, D.W. Mackowski, and J. Rahola, 1996: Computations of scattering matrices of four types of non-spherical particles using diverse methods. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 55, 695-705, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(96)00067-2.

Huo, W.M., and S. Green, 1996: Quantum calculations for rotational energy transfer in nitrogen molecule collisions. J. Chem. Phys., 104, 7572-7589, doi:10.1063/1.471466.

Iglesias, A., L. Erda, and C. Rosenzweig, 1996: Climate change in Asia: A review of the vulnerability and adaptation of crop production. Water Air Soil Pollut., 92, 13-27, doi:10.1007/BF00175549.

Jin, Y., W.B. Rossow, and D.P. Wylie, 1996: Comparison of the climatologies of high-level clouds from HIRS and ISCCP. J. Climate, 9, 2850-2854, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2850:COTCOH>2.0.CO;2.

Kiang, N., and L. Schipper, 1996: Energy trends in Japan's transportation sector. Transport Policy, 3, 21-35, doi:10.1016/0967-070X(96)00001-7.

Kneller, M.L., 1996: Paleoclimate from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Present: Pollen and Plant Macrofossil Records from the United States Southeast Accompanied by a Goddard Institute for Space Studies General Circulation Model Simulation. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Knox, J., 1996: The evolving world of the post-doctoral research scientist. Natl. Forum, 76:4, 7-8.

Koch, D.M., D.J. Jacob, and W.C. Graustein, 1996: Vertical transport of tropospheric aerosols as indicated by 7Be and 210Pb in a chemical tracer model. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 18651-18666, doi:10.1029/96JD01176.

Koch, D.M., and M. Manga, 1996: Neutrally buoyant diapirs: A model for Venus coronae. J. Geophys. Res., 23, 225-228, doi:10.1029/95GL03776.

Koch, D.M., and M.E. Mann, 1996: Spatial and temporal variability of 7Be surface concentrations. Tellus, 48B, 387-396, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.48.issue3.1.x.

Lean, J., and D. Rind, 1996: The sun and climate. Consequences, 2, 27-36.

Lin, B., and W.B. Rossow, 1996: Seasonal variation of liquid and ice water path in nonprecipitating clouds over oceans. J. Climate, 9, 2890-2902, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<2890:SVOLAI>2.0.CO;2.

Ma, Q., R.H. Tipping, and C. Boulet, 1996: The frequency detuning and band-average approximations in a far-wing line shape theory satisfying detailed balance. J. Chem. Phys., 104, 9678-9688, doi:10.1063/1.471730.

Macke, A., and M.I. Mishchenko, 1996: Applicability of regular particle shapes in light scattering calculations for atmospheric ice particles. Appl. Opt., 35, 4291-4296, doi:10.1364/AO.35.004291.

Macke, A., M.I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns, 1996: The influence of inclusions on light scattering by large ice particles. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 23311-23316, doi:10.1029/96JD02364.

Macke, A., J. Mueller, and E. Raschke, 1996: Single scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2813-2825, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2813:SSPOAI>2.0.CO;2.

Mackowski, D.W., and M.I. Mishchenko, 1996: Calculation of the T matrix and the scattering matrix for ensembles of spheres. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, 13, 2266-2277, doi:10.1364/JOSAA.13.002266.

McLaughlin, F.A., E.C. Carmack, R.W. Macdonald, and J.K.B. Bishop, 1996: Physical and geochemical properties across the Atlantic/Pacific water mass front in the southern Canadian Basin. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 1183-1197, doi:10.1029/95JC02634.

Mearns, L.O., C. Rosenzweig, and R. Goldberg, 1996: The effect of changes in daily and interannual climatic variability on CERES-Wheat: A sensitivity study. Climatic Change, 32, 257-292, doi:10.1007/BF00142465.

Miller, R.L., and X. Jiang, 1996: Surface energy fluxes and couple variability in the tropics of a coupled general circulation model. J. Climate, 9, 1599-1620, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1599:SEFACV>2.0.CO;2.

Mishchenko, M.I., 1996: Coherent backscattering by two-sphere clusters. Opt. Lett., 21, 623-625, doi:10.1364/OL.21.000623.

Mishchenko, M.I., 1996: Diffuse and coherent backscattering by discrete random media. I. Radar reflectivity, polarization ratios, and enhancement factors for a half-space of polydisperse, nonabsorbing and absorbing spherical particles. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 56, 673-702, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(96)00117-3.

Mishchenko, M.I., and D.W. Mackowski, 1996: Electromagnetic scattering by randomly oriented bispheres: Comparison of theory and experiment and benchmark calculations. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 55, 683-694, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(96)00011-8.

Mishchenko, M.I., W.B. Rossow, A. Macke, and A.A. Lacis, 1996: Sensitivity of cirrus cloud albedo, bidirectional reflectance and optical thickness retrieval accuracy to ice particle shape. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 16973-16985, doi:10.1029/96JD01155.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, and A. Macke, 1996: Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders. Appl. Opt., 35, 4927-4940, doi:10.1364/AO.35.004927.

Mishchenko, M.I., L.D. Travis, and D.W. Mackowski, 1996: T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: A review. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 55, 535-575, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(96)00002-7.

Mitchell, D.L., A. Macke, and Y. Liu, 1996: Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2967-2988, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<2967:MCCPIT>2.0.CO;2.

O'Connell, S., M.A. Chandler, and R. Ruedy, 1996: Implications for the creation of warm saline deep water: Late Paleocene reconstructions and global climte model simulations. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 100, 270-284.

Orton, G.S., J.R. Spencer, L.D. Travis, T.Z. Martin, and L.K. Tamppari, 1996: Galileo Photopolarimeter-Radiometer observations of Jupiter and the Galilean Satellites. Science, 274, 389-391, doi:10.1126/science.274.5286.389.

Overpeck, J., D. Rind, A. Lacis, and R. Healy, 1996: Possible role of dust-induced regional warming in abrupt climate change during the last glacial period. Nature, 384, 447-449, doi:10.1038/384447a0.

Parker, D.E., H. Wilson, P.D. Jones, J.R. Christy, and C.K. Folland, 1997: The impact of Mount Pinatubo on world-wide temperatures. Int. J. Climatol., 16, no. 5, 487-497, doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199605)16:5<487::AID-JOC39>3.0.CO;2-J.

Parry, M.L., J.E. Hossell, P.J. Jones, T. Rehman, R.B. Tranter, J.S. Marsh, C. Rosenzweig, G. Fischer, I.G. Carson, and R.G.H. Bunce, 1996: Integrating global and regional analyses of the effects of climate change: A case study of land use in England and Wales. Climatic Change, 32, 185-198, doi:10.1007/BF00143709.

Phillips, T.R., S. Maluendes, and S. Green, 1996: Collisional excitation of H2O by H2 molecules. Astrophys. J. Supp. Series, 107, 467-474, doi:10.1086/192372.

Rampino, M.R., and B.M. Haggerty, 1996: Impact crises and mass extinctions: A working hypothesis. In The Cretaceous-Tertiary Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History, Geol. Soc. Amer. SP-307. G. Ryder, D. Fastovsky, and S. Gartner, Eds., 11-30.

Rampino, M.R., and B.M. Haggerty, 1996: The "Shiva Hypothesis": Impacts, mass extinctions, and the galaxy. Earth Moon Planets, 72, 441-460, doi:10.1007/BF00117548.

Rampino, M.R, and T. Volk, 1996: Multiple impact event in the Paleozoic: Collision with a string of comets or asteroids? Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 49-52, doi:10.1029/95GL03605.

Randall, D.A., B. Albrecht, S. Cox, D. Johnson, P. Minnis, W. Rossow, and D.O'C. Starr, 1996: On FIRE at ten. Adv. Geophys., 38, 37-177.

Randall, D.A., D.A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, A.S. Denning, P.J. Sellers, C.J. Tucker, L. Bounoua, J.A. Berry, G.J. Collatz, C.B. Field, S.O. Los, C.O. Justice, and I. Fung, 1996: A revised land surface parametrization (SiB2) for GCMs. Part III: The greening of the Colorado State University general circulation model. J. Climate, 9, 738-763, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0738:ARLSPF>2.0.CO;2.

Randerson, J.T., M.V. Thompson, C.M. Malmstrom, C.B. Field, and I.Y. Fung, 1996: Substrate limitations for heterotrophs: Implications for models that estimate the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10, 585-602, doi:10.1029/96GB01981.

Rind, D., and J. Lerner, 1996: Use of on-line tracers as a diagnostic tool in general circulation model development: 1. Horizontal and vertical transport in the troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12667-12683, doi:10.1029/96JD00551.

Rind, D., P. Lonergan, and K. Shah, 1996: Climatic effect of water vapor release in the upper troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29395-29405, doi:10.1029/96JD02747.

Rosenzweig, C., J. Phillips, R. Goldberg, J. Carroll, and T. Hodges, 1996: Potential impacts of climate change on citrus and potato production in the US. Agr. Systems, 52, 455-479, doi:10.1016/0308-521X(95)00059-E.

Rosenzweig, C., and F.N. Tubiello, 1996: Effects of changes in minimum and maximum temperature on wheat yields in the central US: A simulation study. Agr. Forest Meteorol., 80, 215-230, doi:10.1016/0168-1923(95)02299-6.

Rossow, W.B., C.L. Brest, and M. Roiter, 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Update of Radiance Calibrations. WMO/TD 736. World Climate Research Programme.

Rossow, W.B., A.W. Walker, D.E. Beuschel, and M.D. Roiter, 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Documentation of New Cloud Datasets. WMO/TD 737. World Climate Research Programme.

Sato, M., L.D. Travis, and K. Kawabata, 1996: Photopolarimetry analysis of the Venus atmosphere in polar regions. Icarus, 124, 569-585, doi:10.1006/icar.1996.0231.

Schmidt, G.A., and L.A. Mysak, 1996: Can increased poleward oceanic heat flux explain the warm Cretaceous climate? Paleoceanography, 11, 579-593, doi:10.1029/96PA01851.

Schmidt, G.A., and L.A. Mysak, 1996: The stability of a zonally averaged thermohaline circulation model. Tellus, 48A, 158-178, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0870.1996.00009.x.

Scholl, L., L. Schipper, and N. Kiang, 1996: CO2 emissions from passenger transport: A comparison of international trends from 1973 to 1992. Energy Policy, 24, 17-30, doi:10.1016/0301-4215(95)00148-4.

Sellers, P.J, L. Bounoua, G.J. Collatz, D.A. Randall, D.A. Dazlich, S.O. Los, J.A. Berry, I. Fung, C.J. Tucker, C.B. Field, and T.G. Jensen, 1996: Comparison of radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2 on climate. Science, 271, 1402-1406, doi:10.1126/science.271.5254.1402.

Shah, K.P., D. Rind, and P. Lonergan, 1996: Could high-speed civil transport aircraft impact stratospheric and tropospheric temperatures measured by microwave sounding unit? J. Geophys. Res., 101, 28711-28721, doi:10.1029/96JD02721.

Shindell, D., and R.L. de Zafra, 1996: Chlorine monoxide in the Antarctic spring vortex. 2. A comparison of measured and modeled diurnal cycling over McMurdo Station, 1993. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 1475-1487, doi:10.1029/95JD03354.

Smith, P.H., M.T. Lemmon, R.D. Lorenz, L.A. Sromovsky, J.J. Caldwell, and M.D. Allison, 1996: Titan's surface, revealed by HST imaging. Icarus, 119, 336-349, doi:10.1006/icar.1996.0023.

Stothers, R.B., 1996: Major optical depth perturbations to the stratosphere from volcanic eruptions: Pyrheliometric period, 1881-1960. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 3901-3920, doi:10.1029/95JD03237.

Stothers, R.B., 1996: The Great Dry Fog of 1783. Climatic Change, 32, 79-89, doi:10.1007/BF00141279.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1996: Evolution of massive stars into luminous blue variables and Wolf-Rayet stars for a range of metallicities: Theory versus observation. Astrophys. J., 468, 842-850, doi:10.1086/177740.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1996: Metal dependencies of two convection theories for cool stellar envelopes. Astrophys. J., 469, 166-170, doi:10.1086/177768.

Tegen, I., and A.A. Lacis, 1996: Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 19237-19244, doi:10.1029/95JD03610.

Tegen, I., A.A. Lacis, and I. Fung, 1996: The influence of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils on the global radiation budget. Nature, 380, 419-422, doi:10.1038/380419a0.

Ying, R., and V.M. Canuto, 1996: Turbulence modelling over two-dimensional hills using an algebraic Reynolds stress expression. Bound.-Layer Meteorol., 77, 69-99, doi:10.1007/BF00121859.