Annual Publication Indices

1993 Publications

Ackerman, A.S., O.B. Toon, and P.V. Hobbs, 1993: Dissipation of marine stratiform clouds and collapse of the marine boundary layer due to the depletion of cloud condensation nuclei by clouds. Science, 262, 226-229, doi:10.1126/science.262.5131.226.

Alexandrov, M.D., V.S. Remizovich, and Rogozkin D.B., 1993: Multiple light scattering in a two-dimensional medium with large scatterers. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, 10, no. 12, 2602-2610, doi:10.1364/JOSAA.10.002602.

Bauer, A., M. Godon, J. Carlier, Q. Ma, and R.H. Tipping, 1993: Absorption by H2O and H2O-N2 mixtures at 153 GHz. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 50, 463-475, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(93)90039-K.

Bouwman, A.F., I. Fung, E. Matthews, and J. John, 1993: Global analysis of the potentials for N2O production in natural soils. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7, 557-597.

Cairns, B., and J.T. Foley, 1993: Contribution of the second-order Born approximation to the scattered intensity. Opt. Comm., 101, 144-150.

Canuto, V.M., 1993: Turbulent convection with overshooting: Reynolds stress approach. II. Astrophys. J., 416, 331-354, doi:10.1086/173238.

Canuto, V.M., and F. Minotti, 1993: Stratified turbulence in the atmosphere and oceans: A new subgrid model. J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 1925-1935, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<1925:STITAA>2.0.CO;2.

Carlson, B.E., A.A. Lacis, and W.B. Rossow, 1993: Tropospheric gas composition and cloud structure of the Jovian North Equatorial Belt. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 5251-5290, doi:10.1029/92JE02737.

Cess, R.D., M.-H. Zhang, G.L. Potter, H.W. Barker, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M. Esch, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, W.J. Ingram, J.T. Kiehl, A.A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, J.-F. Mahfouf, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J.-F. Royer, A.P. Sokolov, P.V. Sporyshev, K.E. Taylor, W.-C. Wang, and R.T. Wetherald, 1993: Uncertainties in carbon dioxide radiative forcing in atmospheric general circulation models. Science, 262, 1252-1255, doi:10.1126/science.262.5137.1252.

Chandler, M., 1993: Not just a lot of hot air. Nature, 363, 673-674, doi:10.1038/363673a0.

Chapin, F.S., III, and E. Matthews, 1993: Boreal carbon pools: Approaches and constraints in global extrapolations. In Carbon Cycling in Boreal Forest and Sub-arctic Ecosystems, EPA/600R-93/084. T.S. Vinson, and T.P. Kolchugina, Eds. Environmental Protection Agency, 9-20.

Chappellaz, J.A., I.Y. Fung, and A.M. Thompson, 1993: The atmospheric CH4 increase since the Last Glacial Minimum: (1). Source estimates. Tellus, 45B, 228-241, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.1993.t01-2-00002.x.

Chiou, E.W., M.P. McCormick, L.R. McMaster, W.P. Chu, J.C. Larsen, D. Rind, and S. Oltmans, 1993: Intercomparison of stratospheric water vapor observed by satellite experiments: Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II versus Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere and Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 4875-4887, doi:10.1029/92JD01629.

Chu, W., E.-W. Chiou, J.C. Larsen, L.W. Thomason, D. Rind, J.J. Buglia, S. Oltmans, M.P. McCormick, and L.M. McMaster, 1993: Algorithms and sensitivity analysis for Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II water vapor retrieval. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 4857-4866, doi:10.1029/92JD01628.

Cole, J.E., D. Rind, and R.G. Fairbanks, 1993: Isotopic responses to interannual climate variability simulated by an atmospheric general circulation model. Quat. Sci. Rev., 12, 387-406, doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(05)80004-6.

Dai, A., and I. Fung, 1993: Can climate variability contribute to the "missing" CO2 sink? Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7, 599-609, doi:10.1029/93GB01165.

Del Genio, A., 1993: Accuracy requirements. In Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks, NASA CP-3234. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, and I. Fung, Eds. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 13-19.

Del Genio, A.D., and M.-S. Yao, 1993: Efficient cumulus parameterization for long-term climate studies: The GISS scheme. In The Representation of Cumulus Convection in Numerical Models, AMS Meteor. Monograph. K.A. Emanuel, and D.A. Raymond, Eds., vol. 24, no. 46. American Meteorological Society, 181-184.

Del Genio, A.D., W. Zhou, and T.P. Eichler, 1993: Equatorial superrotation in a slowly rotating GCM: Implications for Titan and Venus. Icarus, 101, 1-17, doi:10.1006/icar.1993.1001.

DeMenocal, P.B., and D. Rind, 1993: Sensitivity of Asian and African climate to variations in seasonal insolation, glacial ice cover, sea surface temperatures, and Asian orography. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 7265-7287, doi:10.1029/92JD02924.

Desormeaux, Y., W.B. Rossow, C.L. Brest, and G.G. Campbell, 1993: Normalization and calibration of geostationary satellite radiances for the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 10, 304-325, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1993)010<0304:NACOGS>2.0.CO;2.

Dlugokencky, E.J., J.M. Harris, Y.S. Chung, P.P. Tans, and I. Fung, 1993: The relationship between the methane seasonal cycle and regional sources and sinks at Tae-ahn Peninsula, Korea. Atmos. Environ., 27A, 2115-2120, doi:10.1016/0960-1686(93)90041-V.

Dubovikov, M.S., 1993: Dynamical model of turbulent eddies. Int. J. Mod. Phys. B, 7, 4631-4645.

Fairbridge, R.W., 1993: Holocene marine coastal evolution of the United States. In Quaternary Coasts of the United States: Marine and Lacustrine Systems, SEPM SP-48. C.H. Fletcher, III, and J.F. Wehmiller, Eds. SEPM, 9-20.

Fletcher, C.H., III, RW. Fairbridge, JJ. Moller, and A.J. Long, 1993: Emergence of the Varanger Peninsula, Arctic Norway, and climate changes since glaciation. Holocene, 3, 116-127.

Fu, R., W.T. Liu, A.D. Del Genio, and W.B. Rossow, 1993: A thermostat in the tropics? Reply. Nature, 361, 412, doi:10.1038/361412a0.

Fung, I., 1993: Models of oceanic and terrestrial sinks of anthropogenic CO2: A review of the contemporary carbon cycle. In Biogeochemistry of Global Change: Radiatively Active Trace Gases. R. Oremland, Ed. Chapman & Hall, 166-189.

Gerber, H., B.G. Arends, and A.S. Ackerman, 1993: New microphysics sensor for aircraft use. Atmos. Res., 31, 235-252, doi:10.1016/0169-8095(94)90001-9.

Goldman, I., and V.M. Canuto, 1993: Cosmic turbulence revisited. Astrophys. J., 409, 495-503, doi:10.1086/172681.

Graedel, T.E., T.S. Bates, A.F. Bouwman, D. Cunnold, J. Dignon, I. Fung, D.J. Jacob, B.K. Lamb, J.A. Logan, G. Marland, P. Middleton, J.M. Pacyna, M. Placet, and C. Veldt, 1993: A compilation of inventories of emissions to the atmosphere. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7, 1-26, doi:10.1029/92GB02793.

Green, S., 1993: Erratum: Raman linewidths and rotationally inelastic collision rates in nitrogen [J. Chem. Phys. 98, 257 (1993)]. J. Chem. Phys., 99, 4875, doi:10.1063/1.466237.

Green, S., 1993: Collisional excitation of CO by H2O: An astrophysicist's guide to obtaining rate constants from coherent anti-Stokes Raman line shape data. Astrophys. J., 412, 436-440, doi:10.1086/172933.

Green, S., 1993: Raman linewidths and rotationally inelastic collision rates in nitrogen. J. Chem. Phys., 98, 257-268, doi:10.1063/1.464671.

Green, S., S. Maluendes, and A.D. McLean, 1993: Improved collisional excitation rates for interstellar water. Astrophys. J. Supp. Series, 85, 181-185, doi:10.1086/191760.

Hall, T.M., and M.J. Prather, 1993: Simulations of the trend and annual cycle in stratospheric CO2. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 10573-10581, doi:10.1029/93JD00325.

Hansen, J., 1993: Climate forcings and feedbacks. In Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks, NASA CP-3234. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, and I. Fung, Eds. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 6-12.

Hansen, J., 1993: Climsat rationale. In Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks, NASA CP-3234. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, and I. Fung, Eds. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 26-35.

Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and H. Wilson, 1993: How sensitive is the world's climate? Natl. Geog. Soc. Res. Exploration, 9, 142-158.

Hansen, J., W. Rossow, and I. Fung (Eds.), 1993: Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks. NASA CP-3234. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Hansen, J., and H. Wilson, 1993: Commentary on the significance of global temperature records. Climatic Change, 25, 185-191, doi:10.1007/BF01661206.

Hartmann, J.M., M.Y. Perrin, Q. Ma, and R.H. Tipping, 1993: The infrared continuum of pure water vapor: Calculations and high-temperature measurements. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 49, 675-691, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(93)90010-F.

Hastenrath, S., and L. Druyan, 1993: Circulation anomaly mechanisms in the tropical Atlantic sector during the Northeast Brazil rainy season: Results from the GISS general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 14917-14923, doi:10.1029/93JD01284.

Kneller, M., and D. Peteet, 1993: Late-Quaternary climate in the Ridge and Valley of Virginia, USA: Changes in vegetation and depositional environment. Quat. Sci. Rev., 12, 613-628, doi:10.1016/0277-3791(93)90003-5.

Kolokolova, L.O., M.I. Mishchenko, and M. Wolff, 1993: On the negative polarization of light scattered by subwavelength regolithic grains. Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 260, 550-552.

Lacis, A., and B. Carlson, 1993: Michelson Interferometer (MINT). In Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks, NASA CP-3234. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, and I. Fung, Eds. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 47-53.

Larsen, J.C., E.W. Chiou, W.P. Chu, M.P. McCormick, L.R. McMaster, S. Oltmans, and D. Rind, 1993: A comparison of the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II tropospheric water vapor to radiosonde measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 4897-4917, doi:10.1029/92JD01630.

Machado, L.A.T., and W.B. Rossow, 1993: Structural characteristics and radiative properties of tropical cloud clusters. Mon. Weather Rev., 121, 3234-3260, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1993)121<3234:SCARPO>2.0.CO;2.

Marengo, J.A., L.M. Druyan, and S. Hastenrath, 1993: Observational and modelling studies of Amazonia interannual climate variability. Climatic Change, 23, 267-286, doi:10.1007/BF01091619.

Marengo, J.A., and S. Hastenrath, 1993: Case studies of extreme climatic events in the Amazon basin. J. Climate, 6, 617-627.

Matthews, E., 1993: Wetlands. In Atmospheric Methane: Sources, Sinks, and Role in Global Change, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 13. M.A.K. Khalil, Ed. Springer-Verlag, 14-61.

Matthews, E., 1993: Global geographical databases for modelling trace gas flows. Int. J. Geog. Info. Systems, 7, 125-142.

Matthews, E., J. John, and I. Fund, 1993: Rice Cultivation and Methane Emission: Documentation of Distributed Geographic Data Sets. NASA TM-104595. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

McCormick, M.P., E.W. Chiou, L.R. McMaster, W.P. Chu, J.C. Larsen, D. Rind, and S. Oltmans, 1993: Annual variations of water vapor in the stratosphere and upper troposphere observed by the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 4867-4874, doi:10.1029/92JD02218.

Mishchenko, M.I., 1993: Light scattering by size-shape distributions of randomly oriented axially symmetric particles of a size comparable to a wavelength. Appl. Opt., 32, 4652-4666, doi:10.1364/AO.32.004652.

Mishchenko, M.I., 1993: On the nature of the polarization opposition effect exhibited by Saturn's rings. Astrophys. J., 411, 351-361, doi:10.1086/172835.

Mishchenko, M.I., and J.M. Dlugach, 1993: Coherent backscatter and the opposition effect for E-type asteroids. Planet. Space Sci., 41, 173-181, doi:10.1016/0032-0633(93)90056-8.

Mishchenko, M.I., and L.D. Travis, 1993: Light scattering by size/shape distributions of nonspherical particles of size comparable to a wavelength. In Atmospheric Propagation and Remote Sensing II, 15 Apr. 1993, Orlando, Fla., Proc. SPIE, vol. 1968, 118, doi:10.1117/12.154814.

Pandolfo, L., 1993: Observational aspects of the low-frequency intraseasonal variability of the atmosphere in middle latitudes. Adv. Geophys., 34, 93-174, doi:10.1016/S0065-2687(08)60435-5.

Parry, M.L., and C. Rosenzweig, 1993: Food supply and risk of hunger. Lancet, 342, 1345-1347.

Paterno, L., R. Ventura, V.M. Canuto, and I. Mazzitelli, 1993: Helioseismological test of a new model for stellar convection. Astrophys. J., 402, 733-740, doi:10.1086/172173.

Peteet, D.M., 1993: Review of Quaternary Landscapes, edited by L.C.K. Shane and E.J. Kushing. Quat. Res., 39, 130-132.

Peteet, D.M., R.A. Daniels, L.E. Heusser, J.S. Vogel, J.R. Southon, and D.E. Nelson, 1993: Late-glacial pollen, macrofossils and fish remains in Northeastern, USA: The Younger Dryas oscillation. Quat. Sci. Rev., 12, 597-612, doi:10.1016/0277-3791(93)90002-4.

Pollack, J.B., J.B. Dalton, D. Grinspoon, R.B. Wattson, R. Freedman, D. Crisp, D.A. Allen, B. Bezard, C. DeBergh, L.P. Giver, Q. Ma, and R. Tipping, 1993: Near-infrared light from Venus' nightside: A spectroscopic analysis. Icarus, 103, 1-42, doi:10.1006/icar.1993.1055.

Pollack, J.B., D. Rind, A. Lacis, J.E. Hansen, M. Sato, and R. Ruedy, 1993: GCM simulations of volcanic aerosol forcing. Part I: Climate changes induced by steady-state perturbations. J. Climate, 6, 1719-1742, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<1719:GSOVAF>2.0.CO;2.

Price, C., 1993: Global surface temperatures and the atmospheric electrical circuit. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1363-1366, doi:10.1029/93GL01774.

Price, C., and D. Rind, 1993: What determines the cloud-to-ground lightning fraction in thunderstorms? Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 463-466, doi:10.1029/93GL00226.

Price, C.G., 1993: Global Lightning Activity and Climate Change. Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University.

Rampino, M.R., and K. Caldeira, 1993: Major episodes of geologic change: Correlations, time structure and possible causes. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 114, 215-227, doi:10.1016/0012-821X(93)90026-6.

Rampino, M.R., and S. Self, 1993: Climate-volcanism feedback and the Toba eruption of ~74,000 years ago. Quat. Res., 40, 269-280, doi:10.1006/qres.1993.1081.

Rind, D., 1993: How will future climate changes differ from those of the past? In Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past. J.A. Eddy, and H. Oeschger, Eds. John Wiley & Sons, 39-50.

Rind, D., E.-W. Chiou, W. Chu, S. Oltmans, J. Lerner, J. Larsen, M.P. McCormick, and L. McMaster, 1993: Overview of the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II water vapor observations: Method, validation, and data characteristics. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 4835-4856, doi:10.1029/92JD01174.

Rind, D., and A. Lacis, 1993: The role of the stratosphere in climate change. Surv. Geophys., 14, 133-165.

Rind, D., and J. Overpeck, 1993: Hypothesized causes of decade-to-century-scale climate variability: Climate model results. Quat. Sci. Rev., 12, 357-374, doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(05)80002-2.

Rosenzweig, C., 1993: Modeling crop responses to environmental change. In Vegetation Dynamics and Global Change. A.M. Solomon, and H.H. Shugart, Eds. Chapman & Hall, 306-321.

Rosenzweig, C., and D. Hillel, 1993: Agriculture in a greenhouse world. Natl. Geog. Res. Exploration, 9, 201-221.

Rosenzweig, C., and D. Hillel, 1993: The Dust Bowl of the 1930s: Analog of greenhouse effect in the Great Plains? J. Environ. Quality, 22, 9-22.

Rossow, W., 1993: Satellite orbit and data sampling requirements. In Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks, NASA CP-3234. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, and I. Fung, Eds. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 57-67.

Rossow, W.B., 1993: Satellite observation of radiation and clouds to diagnose energy exchanges in the climate: Part II. In Energy and Water Cycles in the Climate System, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 5. E. Raschke, and D. Jacob, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 143-164.

Rossow, W.B., 1993: Clouds. In Atlas of Satellite Observations Related to Global Change. R.J. Gurney, J. Foster, and C. Parkinson, Eds. Cambridge Univ. Press, 141-163.

Rossow, W.B., 1993: Satellite observation of radiation and clouds to diagnose energy exchanges in the climate: Part I. In Energy and Water Cycles in the Climate System, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 5. E. Raschke, and D. Jacob, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 123-141.

Rossow, W.B., and L.C. Garder, 1993: Cloud detection using satellite measurements of infrared and visible radiances for ISCCP. J. Climate, 6, 2341-2369, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<2341:CDUSMO>2.0.CO;2.

Rossow, W.B., and L.C. Garder, 1993: Validation of ISCCP cloud detections. J. Climate, 6, 2370-2393, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<2370:VOICD>2.0.CO;2.

Rossow, W.B., A.W. Walker, and L.C. Garder, 1993: Comparison of ISCCP and other cloud amounts. J. Climate, 6, 2394-2418, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<2394:COIAOC>2.0.CO;2.

Russell, W.S., and W.W. Roberts, Jr, 1993: Analysis of the distribution of pitch angles in model galactic disks: Numerical methods and algorithms. Astrophys. J., 414, 86-97, doi:10.1086/173059.

Sato, M., J.E. Hansen, M.P. McCormick, and J.B. Pollack, 1993: Stratospheric aerosol optical depths, 1850-1990. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 22987-22994, doi:10.1029/93JD02553.

Stothers, R.B., 1993: Hotspots and sunspots: Surface tracers of deep mantle convection in the Earth and Sun. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 116, 1-8, doi:10.1016/0012-821X(93)90041-7.

Stothers, R.B., 1993: Flood basalts and extinction events. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1399-1402, doi:10.1029/93GL01381.

Stothers, R.B., 1993: Impact cratering at geologic stage boundaries. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 887-890, doi:10.1029/93GL00907.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1993: Dynamical instability as the cause of the massive outbursts in Eta Carinae and other luminous blue variables. Astrophys. J., 408, L85-L88, doi:10.1086/186837.

Stothers, R.B., and C.-W. Chin, 1993: Iron and molecular opacities and the evolution of Population I stars. Astrophys. J., 412, 294-300, doi:10.1086/172920.

Thompson, A.M., J.A. Chappellaz, I.M. Fung, and T.L. Kucsera, 1993: The atmospheric CH4 increase since the Last Glacial Maximum: (2). Interactions with oxidants. Tellus, 45B, 242-257, doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.1993.t01-2-00003.x.

Travis, L., 1993: Earth Observing System Polarimeter. In Long-Term Monitoring of Global Climate Forcings and Feedbacks, NASA CP-3234. J. Hansen, W. Rossow, and I. Fung, Eds. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 40-46.

Tselioudis, G., A.A. Lacis, D. Rind, and W.B. Rossow, 1993: Potential effects of cloud optical thickness on climate warming. Nature, 366, 670-672, doi:10.1038/366670a0.

Webb, R.S., C.E. Rosenzweig, and E.R. Levine, 1993: Specifying land surface characteristics in general circulation models: Soil profile data set and derived water-holding capacities. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7, 97-108, doi:10.1029/92GB01822.

Zinn, H.P., 1993: An Efficient Atmospheric Boundary Layer Model for GCMs: Its Design, Validation, and Implementation into the GISS-GCM. Ph.D. thesis. Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.