Liou, K.-.N., 1971: Time-dependent multiple backscattering. J. Atmos. Sci., 1971, 824-827, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1971)028<0824:TDMB>2.0.CO;2.
Multiple backscattering of pulsed light is formulated for linearly polarized incident radiation. The method is based on the selection of a particular geometry in which the primary and nth order backscattering return to the receiver simultaneously.
It is shown that the returned power from water clouds at a range of 1 km due to orders of scattering higher than the second may be neglected in a collimated pulsed lidar system whose field of view is less than 10-2 rad.